Courses can consist of lectures, seminars, or a combination of both.

At lectures teachers give presentations and often speak about things that you won’t find in the study materials. We recommend that you do not miss lectures, because in addition to knowledge, you will also learn here important information and conditions for completing the course and you will usually get tips on what to prepare for the exam or to obtain the credits, or criteria for successfully writing an
essay or other type of final assignment.

Exercises and seminars are mandatory unless the teacher stipulates otherwise. They are lessons where you will extend and develop your knowledge obtained during the lectures. Usually, you can only miss a certain number of classes.